Aquarium equipment

To set up tropical freshwater fish tank aquariums you will need this equipment: filter, heater, lighting, gravel, plants and dcor. You will also need replacement filter media and aquarium test kits to assess water parameters and check the nitrogen cycle. I enthusiastically recommend buying whole system aquariums which come with all the vital aquarium equipment. This means you are not bewildered as to what exactly you need for setting up your aquarium or bewildered by the array of different types of equipment for sale. Purchasing tank aquariums with all you want gives you peace of mind and relieves a lot of hassle!

Setting up your aquarium

Before purchasing an aquarium you must decide on the room you have free and research the adult size of the fish you want to keep, both of which will show the size and shape of fish tank that would be suitable. Considering all this has been carefully designed and your ideal fish tank is there with all the necessary equipment ready to be set up, you can follow these steps to hassle-free successful aquarium setup.

1.Place aquarium (on a stand, if needed) in an area away from direct sunlight, draughts and heat, as these change the light and temperature of the tank. Also make certain that the floor is able to carry the full weight of the fish tank when filled with water (approximately 10 pounds per gallon of water).

2.Rinse out the aquarium with water as hot as you can tolerate. Do not use detergents or soaps as residue will be detrimental to tropical fish.

3.Put the under-gravel filter in the bottom of the aquarium (if your aquarium comes with one), following the instructions included.

4.Clean the gravel thoroughly in hot water using a sieve to eliminate any dust or debris. Add the gravel to the tank, covering the under-gravel filter. Create a gentle slope of gravel, deepest at the back.

5.Rinse all artificial plants and decorations in hot water and display in the aquarium.

6.Fix the aquarium heater to the inside of the tank with its suction cups but do not plug it in for at least 30 minutes until the thermostat has adjusted to the water temperature, otherwise the heater may break. Obviously, you need to have researched the species you plan to keep to learn about specific temperature needs.

7.Set up the aquarium filter according to the instructions included, putting the filter media inside.

8.Rest a dish on the bottom of the aquarium to break the power of the water and fill the fish tank with water that is at room temperature. Add de-chlorinator to the water if you are using unfiltered tap water. Check for any rare leaks as you fill the fish tank. (They are easily repaired with aquarium silicone).

9.Unless the lighting of the aquarium is previously fitted underwater, put the light on top.

10.Plug in all the equipment and ensure that everything is working correctly. Make sure there is a dip in the cord before it reaches the electrical outlet, known as a 'drip loop'. This ensures the water drips off onto the floor and does not run directly into the electrical socket.

Your aquarium is now ready to run in its self but is still not ready for supporting tropical freshwater fish. Beneficial bacteria needs to be established first, and the aquarium atmosphere then needs to alter as new fish are gradually added.

How to continue after initial aquarium setup

Allow the tank to settle and the water stabilize for some days. Throughout this time you should keep monitoring the water parameters using aquarium test kits to guarantee they are proper for the fish you propose to have (temperature, pH, hardness, and ammonia).

Nitrogen cycle

You will then need to begin the nitrogen cycle so your aquarium will be ready to sustain healthy freshwater fish (see related article 'Setting-Up Tropical Freshwater Fish Tank Aquariums: The Nitrogen Cycle').

Aquarium upkeep

When the nitrogen cycle is finished and you start adding fish to your fish tank, you should initiate a maintenance schedule. Daily ensure that fish are healthy, especially during feeding times, and ensure that the filters and heaters are operating correctly. Clean your fish tank every one to two weeks and carry out 25% water changes once a month.

Copyright 2009 Jill Kaestner @ Kaestner Marketing LLC

Western saddles are used for a type of riding known as western riding. This style of horseback riding is mainly considered to be carried out for work purposes. The saddle is designed to enhance and accommodate working needs on cattle ranches. The name derived from the vast amount of these ranches in the western United States.

The seat of the saddle was created to provide cowboys with added security and comfort when conducting long trail rides of rounding up cows. The idea for this saddle actually is a combination of the Moorish style of riding, which allowed the horse to move more freely, and the jousting style, which gave the rider a secure fit and more control over the horse.

The horn added to the front of the western saddle also serves as a working tool. While many today believe that the horn is an added handle to prevent falling from the saddle, it was actually developed to hold the lasso when roping cows. Although many people do not rope cattle, except for sport, today, the horn is still a prominent characteristic of a western saddle.

The seat of the saddle has added padding for rider comfort. The affixed stirrups are wider than those of other saddles. They are created to allow the boots of the cowboy a sure foot and firm leg control to prevent slipping. Western saddles are larger and cover more area of the horse than English saddles. They were made to hold saddle bags of food and supplies for the trail. Most western saddles are decorated with imprints and designs and are made of rawhide.

Within the western saddle group are subgroups of saddle types. Each western saddle type fits the needs of the work to be conducted. Roping saddles are heavy and have a thicker horn. This horn allows more support for holding the rope. Cutting saddles have deeper seats in order to allow the rider more support when making sharp turns. Barrel racing saddles are lightweight and allow for the horse to quickly make turns of speed. Trail saddles are designed with complete comfort in mind.

The western saddle is a true mark of the cowboy era. Its entire creation was based upon the needs of the working horseman of the west. Its broad design, imprinted embellishments, seat padding, and front horn can undoubtedly identify it. With the western saddle, one can rope, cut, barrel race, and trail ride with confidence.

Heated pet mats are great for making your dog feel safe and comfortable. They are not only practical but they have great therapeutic benefits too. In this article we are going to look at what types of heated pet mats are available and how they could help your dog by using one.

Deciding on which type of heated dog bed or heated dog pad would be best for your dog can be a little confusing. There is a wide variety of shapes and sizes to choose from as well as a vast array of colours. A simple way to make a choice as to which one to get is to let your dog decide. By that I don't actually mean let him see a few pictures and point out the one he likes. All you have to do is to just take a look at how your dog prefers to sleep. Have you ever noticed how your dog sleeps? The position that they enjoy lying in will give you a good clue as to what would suit him best. Have you ever noticed if he prefers laying on his back or his belly? Many dogs enjoy sleeping with their legs stretched completely out whereas some like to curl up into a snuggled up ball. Observing all these small things your dog does when he is sleeping will help you to determine which design of heated bed will be best suit him.

If your dog likes to stretch out then one of the warm rectangular designs of bed should be perfect. Maybe they are one of those dogs that like to curl up, in which case a small cozy dog bed with slightly higher sides would do the trick. How big or small your dog is will also determine exactly what size would be best. There are countless numbers of styles, sizes and colours to choose from so there is bound to be one that is perfect for your pooch.

If your pet sleeps outside or possibly in a basement or your garage, an outdoor pet bed is ideal for keeping your him perfectly insulated from any freezing drafts or a chilly floor. This will be a great comfort to him or her on some of the more chilly nights that we can sometimes get.

By choosing a bed that fits your dogs size well it will give him that extra feeling of being safe and secure when he is sleeping in his own private little space. Many heated dog beds offer extra cushioning and this can really help the comfort of a dog that may be getting on in years and may be struggling with arthritis. Another added bonus of him being able to sleep in his own personal heated dog bed is that he wont be jumping up and down or on and off couches which could lead to injury.

A dog, as most people know enjoys chewing everything from bones to soft doggie toys. So if you choose a heated dog pad that uses a chord, be sure it is a model that has a chew resistant chord and also that it is UL-listed. A lot of these designs use an energy efficient system that only warms the part where your dog is sleeping instead of heating the whole surface. There is another type of dog bed that is thermally heated and does away with the need to use batteries or a cable. These also come in every design imaginable and can put your mind at ease if you are a little worried about your dog possibly chewing a through cable. The cables are strongly reinforced and designed to withstand chewing, but this option is available to you if you prefer. If you are in any doubt, you should always contact one of the many manufacturers for any deep technical spec you might like to see.

Another good idea is if your dog needs to have support for their head is to get a dog bed that has a higher back and higher sides so that they are able to rest their head and be much more comfortable.

Heated dog pads and heated dog beds are reasonably priced. You can get a good one for less than a hundred dollars and it will be money well spent if only to help keep you favourite pooch in the comfort he or she deserves. You will sleep well knowing that you have given them a great place to lay their head as well as it becoming one of their favourite places to spend their time. The benefits of having the right bed for your dog to sleep in will be seen for years to come. Your dog will be comfortable, they will be happy and the therapeutic bonuses of using a heated dog bed are endless too.

Choosing to have a bird as a pet can sometimes be more of a challenge that having a four legged pet, like a dog or a cat. This is because each species of bird has special, unique requirements which have to be satisfied in order to ensure its well-being and that it stays in good health. While most birds eat seeds, some of them only eat certain types of seeds, which is why we also need to be careful when purchasing bird food and other bird supplies.

Birds make for great companions as many of them enjoy having close contact with their owners. They are quite social and, as such, feel the need to express their friendship, which they usually do by talking or vocalizing. Once they have bonded to their owners they enjoy joining in their activities. This means that we can expect them to eat at the same time that we do, as well as nap with us, and even more. However, if we would like to get a bird as a pet, we should know that it's not going to be all smooth sailing. The fact is that birds need to be trained before they can start viewing us as members of their flock. Of course, there are more important issues that we need to consider before training. We will need a premium bird food like Harrison's organic or roudybush pellets, which provide a balanced diet, so that they're happy and healthy. We'll also need bird supplies, among which the most important is the actual bird cage or parrot cage.

As a home for our bird we can choose between a bird cage and an aviary, or bird stand, depending on how much space the bird requires to have or on how many bird species we would like to get. It's usually better to start off with just one bird as it will be easier to train, and if you haven't had birds as pets before, you'll need some time to get accustomed to their behaviors. It is important that we provide our birds with an environment where they can exercise, so that means that we should try to either get them a big bird cage or bird aviary, or to provide them with the space where they can play and exercise. Of course, we shouldn't forget to install bird feeders in the cage where we will place the bird food and the water. We'll also need other bird supplies, like bird perches and bird toys.

It is very important to learn everything we can about keeping birds and parrots, in order to find out what makes them happy and how to keep them healthy. Purchasing high quality premium bird food and bird supplies is the only way in which we can make sure that we're providing our pets with everything that they need. Regardless of where we live, we won't have to worry about finding everything at the local pet shop. There are many companies that advertise and sell their products online, and we can easily find one that will deliver what we need right to our door. Buying bird supplies online is easy, taking just a few clicks, and we can do it while uploading the clips of our favorite feathered friends on the web.

Do you have a party coming up and you need something to make it extra special this year? Well, you may want to consider Horse Power party favors and supplies as an equine themed party is perfect for a girl, because all girls love horses. Horse Power includes everything that you need to make sure that your party is perfect.

If you want to give out great party favors but don't have a lot of time to prepare then go with the already complete sets of Horse Power party favors birthday party favors box which is only about five bucks. This box has stickers, activity books and even two toys that those attending your equine party will love.

Of course if you want to create your own kids birthday party favors then simply order the Horse Power empty party favors boxes and put your own stuff inside. A great idea for someone who actually owns horses is to make a "ticket" on your computer and include a ticket to ride a horse in each party favor box.

Party Favors make your party difficult for guest to forget, as well as making it so much fun for the kids that are attending that they continue to rave about it for weeks and weeks, making your daughter one very popular girl for a while. A horse themed party will make any girl the center of conversation for a while, and that's exactly what Horse Power party favors are made to do.

Party favors have quite a history dating back to what is assumed is about sixteenth century Europe, although giving away favors cannot be traced back precisely. It is known that Nobles in the middle ages gave away sugar confections in fancy dishes or containers to show their prestige, nobility and wealth since sugar was a fairly expensive luxury afforded by few.

Girls will immediately love the Horse Power party favors that you pass out because girls seem to have great connections with horses. Horses are unique friends allowing for riding as well as companionship and anyone who has ever seen The Black Stallion knows how close a horse and kid can become.

You can bring that experience to your next party with Horse Power party favors and Horse party supplies. You can put up streamers, banners, or make a mock arena or stables in your backyard or in your home, or even a life sized cardboard cutout of a horse, assuming you don't have the real world equivalent in your backyard.

If you want to make it an all out equestrian theme or occasion then simply use the available Horse Power party supplies like dishes and napkins and all kinds of Horse Power items. This will make your party even better and memorable for a very long time.

Dog beds can have anything on them, including drool, hair that's been shed or even left over scraps from a favorite bone or treat they munched on. In as little as a couple of weeks a brand new bed can start to look like it hasn't seen a clean day in years. If you are using a bed that you aren't able to wash you really can't do much of anything except use sprays to cover the terrible smell and hide it so other people can't see.

One quick and simple solution to solve a problem like this is to buy a washable dog bed instead. Doing this means you won't have to worry about spraying a bed down anymore so you won't have to deal with the smell. It also means you won't be worried with hiding it whenever guests arrive either. To keep it looking great you just have to toss it in the washing machine on a routine basis.

All dogs want a comfortable and clean place to lay down for the night, much like we as humans do. Would you go to bed in all that filth yourself? By giving your pet a clean place to sleep you also give him more of a since of security and let him know you love him.

If you don't give any attention to the bed your dog is using it won't be no time until you start to see some gross things like mold and mildew growing on it. Things like that leave a bad odor in your home and are usually crawling with fleas and other things that could spell trouble for your loving pet.

Just how many things that can be found on a dirty dog is an alarming thing. These are the types of things you wouldn't want in other areas of your home, so you definitely don't want them on the place where your dog sleeps either.

Like most pet owners, you probably spend several hundred dollars a year on flea treatments alone, but without cleaning your dogs bed you are doing nothing but wasting all that money. It doesn't really matter how much you work to get rid of fleas off your pet if you keep letting them lay down on a bed that hasn't been cleaned of the ones living on there.

Essentially, a washable dog bed doesn't just provide a solution for an eye sore or a smell in your home. It also serves as just one more way you can ensure your pet is as healthy and happy as possible. After all, a healthy and happy pet is what you want and you don't want your little furry friend feeling crummy all the time just because he sleeps on a dirty bed when you can easily fix the problem with very little effort.

Being the most lovable animal dog needs an equal treatment like human being. It has the same basic needs of food, home and above all love as that of humans. However, people who love dogs are always interested in giving more their dogs. Therefore dog boutiques came into picture.

The name "Dog Boutique" itself explains its profile and reason of existence. There is not even a single utility product for dogs that has not been included in their collection. Dog boutique is a very interesting place to visit online or as a showroom in market, as the accessories and clothing presented by them for dogs is really stylish and cute, specially designed for your little darling and dog lovers are very well aware of it.

To name a few, dog couture stores present following dog couture items:

Luxury dog clothing

Dog collars

Dog harnesses

Dog bandanas

Dog costumes

Dog life jackets

Dog beds, blanket and furniture

Dog carriers

Feeding bowls


Backpack for dogs

Dog hats

And the list continues. Some of the dog boutiques deal with the brands like Christian Audigier, Ed Hardy, Chrome Bone, Bone Diggers and other trusted brands.

It is well known that dog is the most faithful animal on earth. Whatever happens in life, whether you have money or not, your beloved may leave you but your dog can not? Such trustworthy animal deserves trustworthy accessories, where quality and comfort are concerned.

There are a few online dog boutiques, which bring a wide range of dog couture accessories to you, without compromising with quality. In fact, quality is there first goal to achieve, then only they can win trust of their customers and this is applicable to every business. Customer satisfaction is must to boost ones business.

The shipping service provided by these online boutiques, make every possible effort to deliver the order in three to five days; however, if they do not get success in it, they give you a call on the contact number provided. This sort of sense of responsibility they have.

Valencia, CA (PRWEB) September 2, 2009

Kyle Schuler, founder of, has loved birds since before he can remember, and has cared for macaws, cockatiels, parakeets, lovebirds and several other members of the avian population over the course of his life.

"I can't remember a time when I didn't have at least one bird in the house," said Schuler. "I've learned a lot about caring for birds since I had a parakeet as a teenager, and that's the main reason I was inspired to create a website."

When Schuler designed his website, he wanted to provide bird lovers with just the top of the line bird products. "I will admit the prices on the website are a little more expensive than people might find at some kind of discount pet store, but for a little extra, people receive bird supplies that are guaranteed to last."

Schuler has taken enormous strides to ensure his product selection reflects the needs of bird lovers, striving to offer premium bird carriers, swings, perches, food and stainless steel bird cages.

In order to share his expertise, Schuler created a new blog at, which he plans to utilize to educate others about bird care.

"On the blog I want to talk about general information that all bird owners need to know, like how to sanitize a birdcage and what kind of feed to use for different bird species," said Schuler. "I also want to speak in-depth about more advanced topics, like teaching birds how to talk and how to put a stop to continuous squawking."

Schuler's main goal for the website is to provide bird lovers a one-stop shopping and informational resource for all their bird needs.

"I've put in a lot of effort tailoring the website to bird lovers, and I'm in the process of adding about two hundred new products," said Schuler. "I'm also offering free shipping on all birdcages, and I have some great birdcages that will be added in the next couple months."

About the Company: is owned and operated by bird lover Kyle Schuler.

Kyle Schuler

(661) 367-5022

iePlexus, Inc.

Port Charlotte, FL (PRWEB) August 9, 2007

Kitty Witty Cat Toy Company, Inc., a manufacturer of interactive cat toys and pet products, launched its first product, the Claw Catcher, and its online retail store today. The Claw Catcher is an interactive string toy that inspires play behavior in cats.

Engineered with a patent-pending system incorporating cat behavior elements with specific material composition, the Claw Catcher is designed with bite-resistant, high-quality cords for capture and play, and in colors that are appealing to cats. It retails online for only $6.95.

"The Claw Catcher has elements that make it sufficiently challenging for experienced hunter killers -- such as dual cords, but the toy is also designed to inspire senior and sedentary cats to play," stated Cherie Sauer, CEO of Kitty Witty Cat Toy Company, Inc.

"We have had a 100 percent positive response from our testing panel," grinned Sauer. "And some of those cats hadn't pulled themselves off their window seats for the two years preceding the Claw Catcher test," she continued laughing.

The Claw Catcher and the more elaborate Cat O' Nine (Tails) will soon appear in independent pet retail stores, but in the meantime consumers can buy the Claw Catcher online via MC, VISA, Discover, AMX and Paypal are all accepted forms of payment. Discounts are available to Distributors and Retailers.

About Kitty Witty Cat Toy Company, Inc.

Kitty Witty Cat Toy Company is a privately funded corporation in the State of Florida. Our core product is the development and manufacture of Cat Toys and we are committed to providing unique, play-inspiring products to the consumer marketplace. The Kitty Witty Cat Toy Company, Inc. donates a percentage of its revenues for the care and welfare of companion pets via The Kitty Witty Foundation. Our motto is Play ... Play ... Play ... Sleep.