The shimmering sun of summer. The calm blue sea. The glimmering white sand.

Plus, those common coconut trees and Hawaiian shirts!

Taken as one, these are what your idea of a tropical paradise may probably be. But, who said that tropical accents are use for Hawaiian polo shirts alone?

With tropical dog beds, you can give your dog the same relaxing and calming effect of this paradise. These fine beds are a unique and exciting fusion of comfort, versatility, durability, and style. How is it so? Take a snappy read at this rundown:

*They are very comfy.

Not only do tropical beds sport those familiar pictures of a tropical paradise - towering palms, vibrant summer sun, glimmering white sand beaches - they also have highly comfortable materials that guarantee to give your prized pooch a relaxing all-weather slumber. A serene, tropical get-away is reflected through the complex design of these fine pet beds. Your pet will have maximum freedom of movement on these beds with durable polyester-filled cushions or breathable acrylic fabric. On top of these are covers with a unique cotton/polyester mix, wood, and bamboo materials that are environment-friendly, as well as hypoallergenic polyfil-- a true a winner for such an amazing combination.

* Tropical dog beds are versatile.

Rest assured that these beds will make your dog have the sweetest slumber all-year round. Some of these beds even feature highly usable drawers, where you can put your pooch's implement such as collars, dog clothes, tags, shampoos, and many others. In different colors and shades, you'll have an impressive tropical design for any corner of the house. These beds will definitely be the envy of your friends.

*Tropical dog beds are heavy-duty.

Don't you ever doubt about it. Not only are tropical dog beds comfortable and trendy, they can also provide years of good service to you and your canine friend. Don't worry about wear and tear because these types of bed prove to be tougher than you thought. The sun's UV rays will be a no match for its high-end quality that's specially made for warm, humid days.

* They are machine washable.

The fabrics and foams used in these beds are completely machine washable, so you don't have to worry about cleaning them off. You can let it take a spin on the washing machine and do other things with your time.

Why go to Hawaii, if your dog can simply enjoy the warm, humid days in its tropical dog bed? Let your dog have a picture perfect dream of white sands, blue sea, and sunshine. What you need is a tropical dog bed.

When using the Triadan classification for identifying individual teeth the horses' mouth is split into 4 arcades.

Each arcade has up to 11 teeth. The horses 4 middle incisors (2 form the top row 2 from the bottom) are number 1. All other teeth are then numbered consecutively from there. Each of the 4 arcades is numbered 1 - 4. The two numbers can then be joined to specify any single tooth.

Ageing Horses

There are many reasons why the age of a horse should be considered as important. Suitability for rider, insurance policies, prognosis of disease and forecasting the working life of the horse are just a few.

All first teeth with a permanent tooth to follow are called deciduous teeth (baby teeth to us). Deciduous incisors are smaller, whiter and the occlusal tables are more oval than permanent incisors. Permanent incisors are larger and squarer, initially with the occlusal surface covered with cement and are yellowish in colour.

The 01's (central incisors) erupt within a few days of birth.

The 02's (middle incisors) erupt between 4 - 6 weeks.

The 03's (corner incisors) erupt between 6 - 9 months.

Horses are born with 06 - 08's (premolars) on both upper and lower arcades.

The 09's erupt as permanent molars at 1 year

The 10's erupt as permanent molars at 2 years

The 11's erupt as permanent molars at 3 - 3.5 years

The most suitable teeth for ageing horses are the lower incisors. The eruption of the cheek teeth can be used to assist until all have erupted but after this the situation of these teeth make them unsuitable for assisting when ageing horses.

Changes in the occlusal surface

It is important to describe what we can see when ageing horses before we determine what we see at different ages.


Yellow brown in colour. Situated on the labial edge (towards the horses lips) of the occlusal surface.Consists of dentine that wears down into the pulp chamber. Initially seen as a linear stripe (parallel to labial edge) but as the horse ages the dental star becomes round and eventually central on the occlusal surface of the tooth.

CUP (infundibulum)

Enamel folding throughout part of the incisor showing on the occlusal surface. Superficial half is empty and fills with food particles making its appearance black. The bottom of the cup is filled with cement. Once the cement part of the cup is in occlusion the cup is filled or has disappeared. The cement core and surrounding enamel ring is called the mark.


In younger horses the mark is oval. As the tooth wears the mark becomes smaller and rounder and moves lingually (towards the horses tongue). Eventually the cement of the infundibulum bottom wears away and the mark disappears.

Angle of incisors

When viewed from a side profile young horses incisors are positioned in a straight line with each other. As the horse gets older, the angle that the upper and lower incisors make becomes more acute.

It is through noticing change in the appearance of the occlusal surface of the incisors that we can age a horse.

Shelbyville, TN (PRWEB) May 30, 2007

Damron International LLC recently unveiled their new website on horse tack, which caters exclusively to the needs of horse equipment shoppers and horse tack buyers. The website of Damron International ensures an easy accessibility to equine related products ranging from saddles, spurs to hardware for the stable or barn. The idea of an online horse tack store was conceptualized by Wanda C. Damron.

The online store consists of all the products pertaining to the needs of horses, jockeys, riders or breeders. The products include both horse supplies and equipment like Aussie saddles, Trooper saddles, horse halters, horse bits, spurs, stirrup irons, "Tacky Tack" saddle pads, barn appointments, stable equipment, horse boots, leg bandages, leg wraps, farrier tools, clippers etc. These different horse tack products have been organized in separate categories making it very convenient to find the right product on the site.

Speaking on the launch of the new site, Wanda Damron said, "We aim to bestow a novel experience of shopping upon the online community by providing them a wide variety of horse tack at reasonable prices and fast shipping facility".

Other admirable features of the site are its provisions for wholesale log-in, advanced search, help zone and expeditious shipping to geographical regions such as Florida, California, Texas, Oklahoma, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee and rest of the southeast. The company also offers a lucrative scheme involving a purchase of $1000 and getting the shipment for free.

The E-commerce site designed by for Damron International LLC, strives to fulfill the demands of its customers by providing a high level of usability, navigability and guidance. You can visit the newly launched website by going to For further queries please contact Wanda C. Damron - 931-680-7373.

About Damron International LLC

Lbdamron is an exclusive online store offering a whole range of horse tack and equine products. The company headed by Wanda C. Damron aims to provide excellent quality products for horses and their owners.

The term equestrian may sound alien to those who do not ride horses. This is a Latin term that is used to refer to a member of the Equestrian Order. This is one of the highest order in ancient Rome. Today, this term is loosely used to refer to anyone who rides a horse. It is common to see terms such as equestrian footwear, equestrian clothing, equestrian stables and so on - all of which are related to horse riding.

Choosing the right horse riding footwear is similar to choosing any other types of footwear. The first thing you should be clear of, is to know the type of horse riding activity that you will be participating in.

For example, if you are going for casual horse riding, you can choose low cut horse riding boots. These boots are easier to wear, and are more loose fitting. They are more comfortable to wear, assuming that there won't be any vigorous movements during casual horse riding sessions.

If you are going for mountain horse riding, you are going to need tougher footwear. In this case, it may be a better idea to choose high cut mountain boots. These boots are usually made from treated leather. They are built to resist dirt, water and mud. So you can expect them to be more durable.

For special events such as horse riding shows or horse riding tournaments, there are special boots. The type of boots that you choose for a horse riding show depends very much on the overall style of the show. If it's an English style show, then you should be wearing English style boots. English horse riding boots are known to fit snugly.

If you are taking part in a Western horse racing event, you may want to wear western style boots. These boots are usually mid calf, and they do not fit as snugly as English style boots.

As you can see, there are basically three categories of horse riding boots you can choose from. There are low cut boots for casual riding, mid calf boots for Western style riding, and knee length boots for English style riding. The important here is to remember that ultimately your choice of horse riding boots depend very much on your personal preference. That means you should choose footwear that you feel the most comfortable in.

Comfort should always be the first priority. That shouldn't be a major concern because most equestrian footwear these days are very comfortable to wear as they are made from stretchable materials such as rubber and leather. The longer you wear these boots, the more comfortable they become.

In addition, modern horse riding footwear these days also look very fashionable, especially the low cut ones. So when choosing the ideal pair of horse riding boots, remember to choose something that you really like. Perhaps that will make your horse riding experiences more enjoyable, as you feel both comfortable and proud to be in your new horse riding boots.

The basic cost of owning a horse is about $2000 a year (if you self-stable) or $4000 a year if you use a professional stable. Over a working lifetime of 20 years, this is equal to $40,000 or $80,000, just for basic costs. These costs assume you live well out in the countryside; if you live in a more populated area these costs can be up to 3 times as high.

Exceptional costs such as vet costs for illness or injury can run from $200 to $8000 (e.g. severe colic, requiring surgery) per time.

Furthermore, if you exhibit or compete with the horse, there are additional associated costs. These include advanced training for you and the horse, horse trailer for transport, saddle, tack, riding clothes.

Following is a breakdown and explanation of these costs:

- Professional Stabling. Depending on where you live, a professional stable will charge between $250 and $1000 per month to stable a horse. This is $3000 to $12000 per year. Over 20 years, a grand total sixty thousand to a quarter million.

- Self-Stabling. Of course, if you have enough land, you can build a stall and keep the horse yourself. Although this is cheaper than professional stabling (as you do the work rather than pay someone else), you will need not only the stall but also storage facilities for hay, bedding, saddle, tack and miscellaneous items. You will also need to purchase bedding and hay, which will run you $100 or more per month. You will also need to purchase minerals and salt, as well as paying for water and electricity (allow another $40 per month). Finally, the work which would have been done by the professional stable (e.g. mucking out stables) will likely take you a half-hour per day just for the basic activities.

- Vet Costs. Your horses should be inoculated once per year, de-wormed 3 times per year, and have a dental checkup annually. These basic items will cost $200 to $300 per year. Should the horse become ill, medical costs can range from $200 to $8000 (e.g. for a case of colic requiring corrective surgery).

- Farrier. Horse hooves need to be trimmed every 2 months (cost $30 each time) and if shoes are required these cost about $30 additional. Shoes are usually required if you ride your horse out on a regular basis, so allow $360 per year farrier costs.

- Insurance. Third party accident insurance is a legal requirement in some countries. In addition to the legal requirements, you may wish to insure against other items (e.g. death, theft, incapacitating illness). Basic insurance costs about $40 per month.

- Equipment. To ride your horse you will need saddle, rugs, tack, and your own riding clothes. These will run you about $2000 to purchase a basis set, plus one must allow for repair or replacement costs if one rides frequently.

Miscellaneous. Horse sprays, fly sheets, cleaning solutions and so on can be expected to run a minimum of $200-$300 per year.

For the average horse owner, the cost of buying a horse ($3,000 is a typical price) is only a small fraction of the cost of caring for it ($100,000 is a typical cost over its lifetime). Consequently, when buying a horse, one needs to think not only of the purchase price, but more importantly of the costs of keeping and caring for it over a period of years. If these costs are too high, it may be worthwhile looking at alternatives (e.g. sharing a horse between two or more owners).

To replace these typical costs but the specific costs for your region, visit the horse cost calculator listed below.

Many believe that horse riding helmets are among the most important pieces of riding equipment that an enthusiast can have. However a helmet only really works properly when certain guidelines are followed.

First of all, a helmet is not just a fashion statement. When purchasing a helmet, make sure that its design has been certified by the ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) or that it holds approval from both ASTM and the SEI (Safety Equipment Institute). It will be worth getting a certified helmet over a more stylish or cheaper uncertified helmet if an accident actually occurs.

Second, more expensive does not always mean more protected. Equipment testers often assess using a pass or fail method. Any passing helmet is good enough for riding. What makes some horse riding helmets more expensive often has to do with the materials used. Various leathers, straps and aesthetically pleasing materials can add to the cost. Similarly, the use of lighter yet sturdy materials can also make horse riding helmets more expensive. Obviously, lighter materials are not usually as sturdy as heavier ones. However, technological advances have helped bring weight and strength closer to each other - at a certain cost, of course.

Third, treat your helmet well. Rest assured that the certification organizations have done their jobs. There is no need to test a helmet for impact and risk hairline damages before using it regularly. Following the same logic, don't toss or kick it around.

Fourth, make sure your helmet fits properly. There are not only different sizes of horse riding helmets, but variations in the sizes between different brands as well. Make sure to test the actual size and model of the helmet that you wish to purchase before doing so. If you're buying online, you can even go to a traditional shop first, just to try it on.

Finally, make sure that you wear your helmet properly. The strap should be snug, and the helmet should cover your forehead, right above your eyebrows.

Resource Box: is an online retailer for all things equestrian. They have horse-related products for men, women, young riders, horses and even other pets. Among their various products are certified safe horseback riding equipment such as . For more information about their products and how to purchase online, visit or call 1-866-908-1082.

Today, there are a lot of different pet crates to choose from and you need to select one that is ideal for your canine friend. One major thing to consider is the size of the cage in proportion to the size of your dog. You don't want it to be so small that your puppy can hardly turn around, however, you wouldn't want it being too big either. The right size is a size that allows your canine to stretch and has enough head room to stand up and turn around in, but one that's still comfortable for your furry friend.

In case your canine is still a puppy, you might have to think about purchasing a small kennel right now and a larger one when she grows to adult size. Even better, pick a crate that has a divider panel. That allows you to make it bigger as your pup grows. As well as sizing, there are plenty of different items on the market.

Durable plastic models are popular and also a design which is essential for traveling on airlines. These styles tend to be plastic on the sides, bottom, and top, and include a metal gate on the front side. This is generally the kind the airline requires, and more than likely what you'd want to utilize for car travel since the are going to be more shielding for your dog should an accident or rough travel take place. They might be somewhat secluded because the plastic on the top and sides isn't going to leave very much room for your puppy to see out. On the other hand, your puppy may enjoy this because it provides a really private den. They're outstanding for potty training.

Aluminum and wire cages are often the models which are found in boarding kennels. You may also see them at canine events. They're simply wire all around and they usually have a plastic bottom that you put inside so your canine is not sitting on the wire which may actually injure his / her feet. Wire models offer an advantage since your pet is able to see out of the top and the sides. There are several very attractive crate covers which can provide a more secluded space. If your price range does not permit a cover, you can always cover the top using a towel or blanket. Wire cages can be much easier to clean out too. Simply slip out the tray on the bottom for washing. A wire crate is designed for dog training.

Soft sided dog crates are great for those who spend considerable time outdoors, and if you need to bring your pup to the store, the vet, or perhaps a visit to the dog park or beach. Soft versions usually are not recommended for flying and I don't think any of them could be approved by the airlines anyway. Also, they are not good to have as a standing kennel at home because they are extremely flexible. They are typically manufactured from some type of nylon material with zippers on top and also a front zippered "door" which you can use to take your canine in and out. They are wonderful improvements to the dog crate family should you have a properly trained dog, but they are not suggested for initial training, particularly for puppies that like to chew.

Scottsdale, AZ (PRWEB) January 19, 2007

The thousands of proud pet owners who purchased their ergonomic pet beds from Dura-Bull Dog Bedz will soon get to see their products in action on nationwide TV, as the revolutionary pet bed supplier announces their durable dog beds will be featured in an infomercial airing on the Animal Planet and Versus cable networks.

The infomercial will showcase the superior quality of the Dura-Bull Dog Bedz products and their benefits to both pets and their owners. The pet bed supplier has experienced unusual success in the marketplace by becoming the first to supply high-end pet beds to mainstream consumers. Until Dura-Bull Dog Bedz became widely available, such orthopedic dog beds were generally only marketed to American Kennel Club members and other groups of purebred and show dog owners.

Prior to the company's inception, Dura-Bull Dog Bedz owner Richard Collins was becoming fed up with the sub-standard materials and construction that went into the beds that were being marketed to the general public. He intended to construct durable dog beds that would last for a lifetime, while allowing simple maintenance and providing more comfort to animals.

"Dura-Bull Dog Bedz are simply unlike any other products available," Collins explains. "These beds are built to last, and they can just be quickly wiped clean."

Dura-Bull Dog Bedz feature memory foam construction that provides the maximum level of comfort to the animals that use them. They are resistant to pests, odors, dirt, water and urine and are covered with marine quality, rip-stop vinyl to make them completely waterproof. Dura-Bull Dog Bedz serves an audience that includes everyday pet owners, breeders, boarding services, kennels and veterinary hospitals.

Collins and Dura-Bull Dog Bedz aren't keeping their success all to themselves; in September 2006, the company announced a corporate partnership with Guide Dogs for the Blind, a non-profit organization dedicated to providing the visually impaired community with well trained guide dogs at no charge. The overall cost of training both the dogs and their handlers can be prohibitive for many who need guide dogs to allow more mobility and independence. Operating entirely on private donations, Guide Dogs for the Blind has been able to provide more than 10,000 guide dogs to eligible handlers since the non-profit began in 1942. Through their strategic partnership, Dura-Bull Dog Bedz supports the organization by donating a portion of each sale to their fund.

To purchase the most comfortable and durable dog beds or to learn more about the most heralded pet bed supplier, Dura-Bull Dog Bedz, please visit

About Dura-Bull Dog Bedz:

Dura-Bull Dog Bedz specializes in top-quality beds for any size pet. Their products are extraordinarily durable, chew-resistant, weatherproof, and resistant to water, pests and odors. They are constructed from high-density memory foam to provide the best ergonomic and skeletal support.

Dressage is a riding discipline that celebrates discipline, grace, elegance, and beauty. It is a riding discipline that is made even more beautiful by its simplicity.

When is comes to outfitting the dressage rider less is better. A rider competing in the lower levels should be wearing well polished black hunt or field boots. They should have invested in a pair of britches. A clean white shirt should be worn with a collar and ta stock pin. Covering the white shirt should be wearing a dark colored jacket. The riders hands should be covered in dark colored gloves that will help disguise the movement of the riders hands. If the rider has long hair is should be gathered up and tucked neatly out of sight. On the riders head should be a black helmet. If the rider is a junior rider, under the age of eighteen, many show committees require that the rider's helmet should meet ASTM/SEI standards and have a fastened harness. Unless the rider is aboard a hot horse (high spirited horse with an excessive amount of go) the rider should have a pair of spurs which help dress up the rider's leg.

A rider competing in the lower levels of dressage should make sure their horses tack follows the same simple guidelines as the riders apparel. Before entering the competition the horses coat should be clean and well groomed. Long before leaving for the show the rider should have pulled their horses mane and on the morning of the show they should have plaited the shortened, thinned mane into several tidy braids, if they have a horse with a nice steady head set they can wrap the braids with white adhesive tape, at the lower levels of competition braids are not actually required but they are a sign of respect. The tail should be left upbraided. The horses hooves should be polished with either clear or black hoof polish. The horses bit should be a simple snaffle, curb bits are not acceptable in dressage competitions, the bit can not include any copper. The bit should be attached to a plain leather bridle. On the horses back their should be a leather saddle. At the lower levels of competition the rider can choose between a black or brown colored saddle and they have the option of using a dressage saddle or a dressage saddle. Under the saddle their should be a saddle blanket, the blanket can be black or white and be either a square cut or can be shaped to follow the line of the saddle.

Once a rider has reached the upper levels of dressage competition their are a few subtle changes in their show attire. FEI rules require that they wear a pair of white britches. Hunt coats are no longer allowed, riders are required to wear the longer, more elegant shad belly. Although their is no rule banning the wearing of a helmet most riders choose to wear a derby style hat. Black gloves are replaced with white gloves.

Just like the riders show clothing there are some changes made in the horses tack. The bridle must be made of black leather, in the horses mouth their should be two bits in the horses mouth, a snaffle bit and a curb bit. A whip is no longer allowed in competition. The horse must be braided. The saddle must be a dressage style cut and be made of black leather. Some riders have chosen to add a jewel encrusted brow band to dress up a plain horses head.